Allow, ask, cost…等動詞只能接雙受詞

在「Buy 接雙受詞的限制」一文中,我們知道 buy (以及 catch, choose, cook, find, get, make, order 等動詞) 可以接雙受詞 (動詞 + 間接受詞 + 直接受詞) 也可以使用 “動詞 + 直接受詞 + for + 間接受詞” 的結構。另外,有些可以接雙受詞的動詞 (如 give, hand, lend, offer, ,tell, promise, pass, show, teach 等),則是還可以使用 “動詞 + 直接受詞 + to + 間接受詞” 的結構。例如:He gave me ten dollars./He gave ten dollars to me. (他給我 10 塊錢)。

然而,allow, ask, cost, deny, envy, forgive, permit 和 refuse 等動詞只能接雙受詞,不能有 for/to + 間接受詞的結構。事實上,知道這幾個動詞可以接雙受詞的人並不多,而知道它們可以接雙受詞且不能有 for/to + 間接受詞結構的人肯定更少。現在讓我們來看一些例句:

My mother allows me money for books. (我母親給我錢買書) (正)
My mother allows money to me for books. (誤)

You have asked me a difficult question which I cannot answer. (你問了一個我無法回答的困難問題) (正)
You have asked a difficult question to me which I cannot answer. (誤)

It cost them a lot of money. (那花了他們很多錢) (正)
It cost a lot of money to them. (誤)

I envy you your large detached house in the country. (我羨慕你在鄉下有間獨棟大房子) (正)
I envy your large detached house in the country for you. (誤)

He forgave her the awful things she said about him. (他原諒她說了他的壞話) (正)
He forgave the awful things she said about him for her. (誤)

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