後接動名詞或不定詞的動詞 (意思不同)

下列動詞可接動名詞或不定詞,但兩者意思不同:

dreadMary dreaded going back to work. (瑪麗害怕回去工作)

Dread 通常後接動名詞。
I dread to think of the consequences of these actions. (我不敢想這些行動的後果)

Dread 有時跟 think 或 consider 的不定詞連用,意為「不敢想」,經常用於口語中。
forgetI forgot taking my medicine. (我忘了已吃過藥)

Forget 後接動名詞時意為「忘記做過某事」。
I forgot to take my medicine. (我忘了吃藥)

Forget 後接不定詞時意為「忘了去做某事」。
needThis fence needs fixing. (這個柵欄需要修理)

Need 後接動名詞時帶有被動的意思。上句亦可寫成 "This fence needs to be fixed."。
I need to buy a coffee. (我需要買杯咖啡)
I need him to buy a coffee. (我需要他去買杯咖啡)

Need 通常後接不定詞或受詞 + 不定詞。
regretI deeply regretted losing my temper. (我為自己發了脾氣而深感後悔)

Regret 通常後接動名詞,意為「對已做過的事 (感到) 遺憾、後悔」。
We regret to inform you that your contract will not be renewed. (我們很遺憾地通知你,你的合約將不能續簽)

Regret 有時跟 inform, tell, say 等動詞的不定詞連用,即 regret to inform/tell/say,表示遺憾地通知/告訴/說 (壞消息),亦即對要做 (而尚未做) 的事遺憾。
rememberI vividly remember meeting her in Taipei once. (我清楚地記得曾在台北見過她一次)

Remember 後接動名詞時意為「記得做過某事」。
Paul remembered to turn off the lights and close the windows before he left. (保羅記得離開之前關燈和關窗戶)

Remember 後接不定詞時意為「記得去做某事」。
stopI stopped smoking for health reasons. (我基於健康因素戒菸了)

Stop 通常後接動名詞,意為「停止做某事」。
I stopped to smoke. (我停下來去抽菸)

Stop 後接不定詞時意為「停下來去做某事」。上句意為我停下手邊任何工作而去抽菸。
tryI'm going to try growing my own vegetables. (我將嘗試自己種蔬菜吃)

Try 後接動名詞時意為「嘗試、試著做某事 (看看會有什麼效果或結果);做某事試試 (看看會有什麼效果或結果)」。

Amy tried eating the frog soup. (艾美嘗試吃青蛙湯)

上句相當於 She ate the frog soup, but she really didn't like it or didn't want to eat it again. (艾美吃了青蛙湯,但她真的不喜歡或不想再吃這種湯)
I'm going to try to grow my own vegetables. (我將設法自己種蔬菜吃)

Try 後接不定詞時意為「努力、設法或試圖做某事)」。

當 "try to do" 用於過去式時,係表示做某事沒有成功。

Amy tried to eat the frog soup. (艾美試圖吃青蛙湯)

上句相當於 She tried to eat the frog soup, but she couldn't. (艾美試圖吃青蛙湯,但她沒有吃)
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