Would Always

型態

would always + 原形動詞

例句:

  • David would always play basketball at weekends when he studied at a medical college in New York. (大衛在紐約唸醫學院時週末常常打籃球)
  • Would David always play basketball at weekends when he studied at a medical college in New York? (大衛在紐約唸醫學院時週末常常打籃球嗎?)
  • David would not always play basketball at weekends when he studied at a medical college in New York. (大衛在紐約唸醫學院時週末不常打籃球)

用法:過去的習慣

與 used to 和過去簡單式一樣,”would always” 是在表示一種已在過去終止的舊習慣。它用來敘述過去不斷重複或重複很多次的動作,但現在通常不做了。然而,與 used to 和過去簡單式不同的是,would always 是指某人樂於或自願做那個動作,而且有時是在表達對該習慣感到厭煩或感到有趣。它也經常表示該舊習慣做過頭了。若要表達相反的概念,我們可以用 “would never” 來表示某人過去從不做某事,但現在卻做了。

例句:

  • I would always walk to school. (我過去常常走路上學)
  • Kate would always arrive early to class. (凱特過去上課常常早到)
  • Mary would not always come late to class. She came late once or twice. (瑪麗過去上課不常遲到。她遲到一次或兩次)
  • Peter would always show up at my house without calling first. (彼得過去經常不先打電話就出現在我家)
  • My girlfriend would not always give me a birthday gift. (我女友過去不常送我生日禮物)
  • Tom would never pay for drinks when we went out together with our friends. (過去當我們三五好友一起外出時,湯姆從不付飲料錢)
    ★ 不做某事或通常不做某事也是一種習慣。

Would always 跟 used to 和過去簡單式不同

Would always 跟 used to 和過去簡單式並不相同。Would always 僅能用來表示過去不斷重複或重複很多次的動作或情況,不能用來表示過去持續一段時間的動作或情況,也不能用來敘述過去的事實。

例句:

  • Cindy was penny-pinching, but now she is very generous. (辛蒂過去很小氣,但現在很慷慨) (正)
  • Cindy used to be penny-pinching, but now she is very generous. (辛蒂過去很小氣,但現在很慷慨) (正)
  • Cindy would always be penny-pinching, but now she is very generous. (辛蒂過去很小氣,但現在很慷慨) (誤)

與 would always 相關的用語

除了 would always 之外,英語人士還經常使用 “would constantly”、”would forever”、”would often” 或單純的 “would” 來表達相同的意思。雖然 would 的用法無誤,但我們並不建議使用 would,因為它很容易跟「條件句」和「過去的未來式」中的 would 混淆。同樣地,英語人士亦經常使用 “would occasionally”、”would rarely” 和 “would seldom” 來表示過去某個動作不常被重複。

例句:

  • Kevin would go to the library at weekends. (凱文過去常常在週末時上圖書館)
  • Kevin would constantly go to the library at weekends with his girlfriend. (凱文過去常常跟他女友在週末時一起上圖書館)
  • Kevin would often go to the library at weekends with his best friend. (凱文過去常常跟他最要好的朋友在週末時一起上圖書館)
  • Kevin would occasionally go to the library at weekends with his girlfriend. (凱文過去不常跟他女友在週末時一起上圖書館)
  • Kevin would seldom go to the library at weekends with his best friend. (凱文過去不常跟他最要好的朋友在週末時一起上圖書館)
  • Kevin would never go to the library at weekends. (凱文過去從不在週末時上圖書館)

主動態/被動態

例句:

  • My father would always wash the car. (我父親過去常常洗車) - 主動態
  • The car would always be washed by my father. (車子過去經常被我父親清洗) - 被動態
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