語氣助動詞 – Would

Would 最常用於條件句。它也用作 will 的過去式來表示「過去的未來式」(future in the past)。此外,would 亦可表示過去不斷重複或重複很多次的動作或情況。若要瞭解更多 would 在條件句及過去的未來式中的用法,請參閱「條件句」的文法教學、有關「過去的未來式」的文法問題與解答以及 Would Always 的用法說明。

例句:

  • If Rachel were rich, she would buy a plane. (如果瑞秋富有,她會買一架飛機) - 條件句
  • I knew that Sam would be very successful in his career. (我知道,山姆的事業將會飛黃騰達) - Will 的過去式 (過去的未來式)
  • I would always forget my homework, until the teacher threatened to punish me. (我過去老是忘了家庭作業,直到老師揚言要處罰我) - 過去不斷重複的動作或情況

Would 的主要用法

Would 的用法肯定句你也可以用
條件句現在:If I were president, I would raise the minimum wage significantly. (如果我是總統,我會大幅提高基本工資)
過去:If I had been president, I would have raised the minimum wage significantly. (如果我是總統,我會大幅提高基本工資)
未來:If I were elected president next year, I would raise the minimum wage significantly. (如果我明年當選總統,我會大幅提高基本工資)
Will 的過去式 (過去的未來式)My father said he would help me with the mortgage. (我父親說他會幫我還抵押貸款)
Sam told me he would be there before 9:00. (山姆對我說,他九點之前會到那裡)
過去不斷重複的動作或情況When I was a kid, I would always go to my Grandma's house. (小時候我常去我外婆家)
When he was young, he would always go to clubs. (他年輕時常去夜店)
used to
Would 的用法否定句你也可以用
條件句現在:If I were president, I would not raise taxes. (如果我是總統,我不會增稅)
過去:If I had been president, I would not have raised taxes. (如果我是總統,我不會增稅)
未來:If I were president, I would not sign the tax increase next week. (如果我是總統,下週我不會簽署增稅案)
Will 的過去式 (過去的未來式)My father said he wouldn't help me with the mortgage. (我父親說他不會幫我還抵押貸款)
Sam told me he would not be there before 9:00. (山姆對我說,他九點之前不會到那裡)
過去不斷重複的動作或情況When I was a kid, I would rarely go to my Grandma's house. (小時候我很少去我外婆家)
When he got older, he would never go to clubs. (他在年紀稍大時就不去夜店了)
used to

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