Since 的用法 (一)

Since 可用作副詞、介系詞和連接詞。

Since (或 since then) 當時間副詞用時意為「此後,從此,自那以後」(所指的時間可從上下文中得知)。例如:

  • My grandpa left home two weeks ago and we haven’t heard from him since. (我爺爺兩週前離開了家,我們至今還沒有他的音信) - since 意為「自我爺爺兩週前離開了家以來」。
  • They moved to Seattle in 2016 and they’ve made a lot of money since then. (他們在 2016 年搬到西雅圖,此後他們就賺了很多錢) - since then 意為「自 2016 年以後」)。
  • I’ve long since forgotten any Spanish I ever learned. (我早就把我學過的那點西班牙文忘光了) - long since = a long time ago 或 long ago (很久以前)。

我們可以使用 ever since 來加強 since 或 since then 的語氣。例如:

  • Peter was offered a job in Shanghai two years ago and has worked as a software engineer ever since. (彼得兩年前在上海得到了一份工作,從那時起便一直擔任軟體工程師)

Since 當介系詞用時後接日期、年份等時間詞或名詞片語,意為「自從…,自…以來,從…至今」。例如:

  • It was the band’s first concert since July 2015. (那是該樂團自 2015 年 7 月以來的第一場演唱會) - 指從 2015 年 7 月至過去的某個時間點。
  • I’ve taught school for 30 years since the age of 25. (自 25 歲以降,我已在學校教了 30 年的書)

Since 的用法 (二)