so much so that + 主詞 + 動詞

這句型時有所聞,意為「達到這樣的程度以致於」、「如此…以致於」,表示前因後果 (cause and effect)。第一個 so 是「如此地;這樣地」,第二個 so 是代名詞,代表前面所提過的某件事或某一概念。

  1. He is ill, so much so that he cannot walk alone. (他病得很重,連路都走不了)
  2. He is rich, so much so that he can buy anything he wants. (他很有錢,有錢得可以買任何他想要的東西)
  3. John is clever, so much so that he can solve most of the problems. (約翰很聰明,聰明得可以解決大多數的問題)
  4. The patient was very tired when he returned from the ride, so much so that he could not sit up. (病人坐車回家時非常疲倦,疲倦得不能坐起來)
  5. He is poor, so much so that he can hardly get enough to live. (他很窮,窮得幾乎無法過活)

Each、every、each and every 和 every and every + 名詞都是單數

Each 和 every 的主要差別之一就是,each 可當限定詞和代名詞用,而 every 只能用作限定詞。大家都知道,each + 名詞和 every + 名詞都表單數,所以要用單數動詞。但「every + 名詞 and every + 名詞」也表單數,換言之,主詞不管是由幾個「every + 名詞」- 中間以 and 連接 - 所構成,都是單數主詞,所以要接單數動詞:Every boy and every girl likes to go swimming. (每個男孩和每個女孩都喜歡去游泳)。同樣地,each and every + 名詞也是單數。

必須注意的是,each and every + 名詞具有強調的作用,在寫作中經常被用到。例如:Each and every one of us must abide by the law. (我們每個人都要守法)。此外,我們也可用 every single + 名詞來獲致同樣的強調效果。例如:This is a decision that affects every single one of us. (這是一項影響我們每個人的決定)。