Farther, farthest 還是 further, furthest 呢?

比較級型態

Farther 和 further 為比較級副詞或比較級形容詞。它們是 far 的不規則比較級型態。它們用來表示距離「更遠 (的);較遠 (的)」。這兩個字的意思並無差異,但 further 比較常見。例如:

  • The fog’s so thick that we can’t see farther than about five meters. (霧太濃了,我們看不見超過五公尺遠的地方)
  • How much farther is it to Taipei Fine Arts Museum? (去台北市立美術館還有多遠?)
  • We can’t go any further; the road’s blocked. (我們不能再前進了;路被堵住了)
  • It was much further to the city hall than I remembered. (去市政府的路比我記憶中要遠得多)

Farther 和 further 都可以用作形容詞來指距離說話者的遠方。例如:

  • We could see a small boat on the farther shore. (我們可以看到遠處的岸邊有一艘小船)
  • At the further (= other) end of the village stood an old ruined house. (村子的另一頭矗立著一棟破舊的房屋)


我們經常使用 “farther and farther” 或 “further and further” 來強調距離。例如:

  • Some boats seemed to float farther and farther from land. (有些船似乎漂得離陸地越來越遠)
  • The wind was pushing his boat further and further out to sea. (風把他的船推向大海,離岸越來越遠)

Farther 和 further (跟一般比較級一樣) 前面可以用 a little, a bit, a lot 或 much 來修飾。例如:

  • It was much farther to the shopping mall than I expected. (去那家購物中心的路程比我想像的還要遠很多)
  • Her problems started a lot further back than her divorce. (她的問題早在離婚之前很久就已經開始了)

最高級型態

Farthest 和 furthest 為最高級副詞或最高級形容詞。它們是 far 的不規則最高級型態。它們用來表示距離「最遠 (的)」。這兩個字的意思並無差異,但 furthest 比較常見。例如:

  • Let’s see who can run farthest. (讓我們看看誰能跑得最遠)
  • Teresa took a corner seat farthest away from the door. (泰瑞莎坐在離門口最遠的角落座位)
  • The farthest galaxies are about three thousand million light years away. (最遠的星系距離我們大約三十億光年)
  • What’s the furthest you’ve ever run? (你曾經跑過的最遠距離是多少?)
  • The furthest landmark visible is about 20 kilometers away. (能看見的最遠地標大約有 20 公里遠)

Further 除了用作 far 的不規則比較級副詞或形容詞之外,還可用作一般副詞或形容詞,甚至當動詞用。這些用法都是 further 所獨有的,不能使用 farther 來代替。

Further 當一般副詞或形容詞用時意為「更多 (的);另外 (的)」。例如:

  • We need to talk further about this plan. (我們需要進一步討論這項計畫) (正)
    We need to talk farther about this plan. (誤)
  • This store will be closed until further notice. (這家商店將關閉,直到另行通知) (正)
    This store will be closed until farther notice. (誤)

Further 當動詞用時意為「改進;增進」。例如:

  • He did his best to further the interests of his town. (他竭盡全力增進他那個城鎮的利益) (正)
    He did his best to farther the interests of his town. (誤)
  • Simon has probably done more to further the cause of sexual equality than any other person. (賽蒙在推動性別平等的目標上所做的努力可能比其他任何人都要來得多) (正)
    Simon has probably done more to farther the cause of sexual equality than any other person. (誤)
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